Accomodating multiple learning styles
As Anderson (1988, cited in Tennant 1996) highlights, there is a need to take account of differences in cognitive and communication styles that are culturally-based. Thus it is striking that, based on individual differences in cognitive style, these regions are recruited during the tasks for which they are not most strongly associated on the group level.
However, the claim that we have to adapt our design to accommodate different learning styles has been repeatedly debunked by research."The research, however, is very narrow and based on a narrow "instructivist" definition of teaching as a form of instruction to produce content recall.
Harold Pashler is a Professor of Psychology in the Cognitive Science Program at the University of California, San Diego. Doug Rohrer is Professor of Psychology at the University of South Florida.
Most of his research concerns learning and memory, with a recent emphasis on learning strategies. Bjork is a Distinguished Professor and Chair of Psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles.
His research focuses on human learning and memory, and on the implications of the science of learning for instruction and training.
We concluded that any credible validation of learning-styles-based instruction requires robust documentation of a very particular type of experimental finding with several necessary criteria.