The British newspaper The Times wrote at the time: "No foreign propagandist bent upon blackening Germany before the world could outdo the tale of burnings and beatings, of blackguardly assaults on defenseless and innocent people, which disgraced that country yesterday." German diplomat Ernst vom Rath by Herschel Grynszpan, a seventeen-year-old German-born Polish Jew living in Paris.Kristallnacht was followed by additional economic and political persecution of Jews, and it is viewed by historians as part of Nazi Germany's broader racial policy, and the beginning of the Final Solution and The Holocaust.In August 1938 the German authorities announced that residence permits for foreigners were being canceled and would have to be renewed. Poland stated that it would not accept Jews of Polish origin after the end of October.
The British historian Martin Gilbert wrote that no event in the history of German Jews between 19 was so widely reported as it was happening, and the accounts from the foreign journalists working in Germany sent shock waves around the world.
In the 1920s, most German Jews were fully integrated into German society as German citizens.
They served in the German army and navy and contributed to every field of German business, science and culture.
Early reports estimated that 91 Jewish people were murdered during the attacks.
Modern analysis of German scholarly sources by historians such as Richard J. When deaths from post-arrest maltreatment and subsequent suicides are included, the death toll climbs into the hundreds.