This kind of carriage was previously only able to be found on air-conditioned EMUs, but a number of recently repaired non-air conditioned EMUs have also been equipped with the women-only carriage stickers.
Recently, PT Kereta Api launched a special women-only train (the train itself uses an ex-Tokyo Metro 6000 series EMU, set number 6107F), which intended as further protection for female passengers from sexual harassment.
The Minangkabaus are known as one of the few traditional society that applied matriarchal and matrilineal culture, where property and family names is inherited from mother to daughter, and husband is considered as "guest" in their wives' household.
Indonesian Republic recognized several historic national heroines that fought against Dutch colonialism; among others are Nyi Ageng Serang, Martha Christina Tiahahu, Cut Nyak Dhien and Cut Nyak Meutia.
The more commonly prevailing national culture is the mas kawin (lit.
"marriage gold") or mahar which refer to a gift provided by the groom to be given to the bride.
The roles of women in Indonesia today are being affected by many factors, including increased modernisation, globalisation, improved education and advances in technology.
Many Indonesian women choose to reside in cities instead of staying in townships to perform agricultural work because of personal, professional, and family-related necessities, and economic requirements.