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41-42) [NOTE: This book offers recipes for Bloody Mary Soup, Jellied Cucumber Soup, Snappy Jellied Madrilene, Jellied Mushroom Consomme, Consome Imperial, Belmar Hotel's Gazpacho [Mazatalan, Mexico], Gazpacho Grenada, Hungarian Tomato Soup, Lobster Buttermilk Bisque, Buttermilk Borsch, Iranian Cucumber Mast, Watercress Yogurt Soup, Avocado Madrilene, Vichyssoise Glacee, One-Of-Each Singhalese, Cubumber Taerragon Soup, Coconut Curry Soup, Coconut Milk, Latin Pumpkin Soup, Iced Avocado, Shrmip Cucumber Bisque, Iced Avocado Clam Soup, Cold Crab Soup, Pink Strawberry Soup [recipe for the Rainbow Room, NYC Rockefeller Center], Blueberry Wine Soup, & Peaches 'N' Cream Soup.Happy to scan/share recipes.] "With the first breath of really warm weather, the cook starts thinking about new and wonderful cold soups.The Danes dote on chilled buttermilk soups, and all Scandinavians and Finns as well enjoy their cold fruit soups as a first course or dessert.Around the Mediterranean, the Greeks make a chilled lemon soup called Avgolemono that looks and tastes like chilled sunshine.The refereshing chill and tang of these as a first course or as a 'starter' is a wonderful nudge to one's appetite. The beading of moisture that usually forms on the cups adds to the illusion of coolness.The main thing to remember is that cold soup must be really cold, just as hot soup must be really hot, to be good. A quick way to get soup very cold is to pour it into the ice tray of the refrigerator.A thick porridge of some kind is still the staple food of many peoples, and it is not always made of cereals, but may consist of other starch foods: legumes, chestnuts or root vegetables." ---Food in History, Maguelonne Toussaint-Samat, translated by Anthea Bell [Barnes & Noble Books: New York] 1992 (p. This category included liquid foods for invalids, such as beaten egg, barley and emmer gruel..the water from boiling pulses, vegetables or other foods...soups or purees made from vegetables or fruits...broth made with meal of legumes or cereals with added animal fat..soup in the usual modern English sense, based on meat and vetetables... The culinary preparations included in this section are of fairly recent origin in their present form, dating from only the early part of the 19th century.
Restoratifs (wheron the word "restaurant" comes) were the first items served in public restaurants in 18th century Paris.
Advances in science also permitted the adjustment of nutrients to fit specific dietary needs (low salt, high fiber, etc.).
"Cereals, roasted to make them digestible and then ground and moistened or diluted with water to make a paste, either thick or thin, did not become gruel or porridge until people had the idea and means of cooking them.
This made it the perfect choice for both sedentary and travelling cultures, rich and poor, healthy people and invalids.
Soup (and stews, pottages, porridges, gruels, etc.) evolved according to local ingredients and tastes.